Human impacts | European Marine Board

Human impacts

Humans have interacted with the ocean since ancient times. We have used it for transportation, recreation, a source for food and raw materials, and more recently to generate renewable energy. All these activities have an impact on the marine environment. Human activities on land can also impact our seas and ocean and pose threats to the well-being and functioning of marine ecosystems.

EMB activities

Climate Change

Science Commentary 2, The Ticking Time Bomb of Climate Change (March 2017) and launch news article

5th Forum – Ocean Climate Nexus (October 2015)

4th Forum – Arctic 2050 (March 2014)

Science Commentary 1, Getting Ready for an Ice-free Arctic (April 2013)

Special Report, Climate Change and Marine Ecosystem Research (September 2011)

Position Paper 9, Impacts of Climate Change on the European Marine and Coastal Environment (March 2007)

Marine Chemical Pollution

Position Paper 16, Monitoring chemical pollution in Europe's Seas - programmes, practices and priorities for research (November 2011)

Underwater Noise

EMB Science Webinar on Addressing underwater noise in Europe (November 2021)

Future Science Brief 7, Addressing underwater noise in Europe: Current state of knowledge and future priorities (October 2021)

Position Paper 13, The effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals (June 2008)