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Human impacts

Humans have interacted with the ocean since ancient times. We have used it for transportation, recreation, a source for food and raw materials, and more recently to generate renewable energy. All these activities have an impact on the marine environment. Human activities on land can also impact our seas and ocean and pose threats to the well-being and functioning of marine ecosystems.

EMB activities


Climate Change

    Science Commentary 2, The Ticking Time Bomb of Climate Change (March 2017) and launch news article

    5th Forum – Ocean Climate Nexus (October 2015)

    4th Forum – Arctic 2050 (March 2014)

    Science Commentary 1, Getting Ready for an Ice-free Arctic (April 2013)

    Special Report, Climate Change and Marine Ecosystem Research (September 2011)

    Position Paper 9, Impacts of Climate Change on the European Marine and Coastal Environment (March 2007)


Ocean Oxygen

   EMB Science Webinar on Sailing for oxygen - how citizen science can help understand ocean deoxygenation (December 2023)

    EMB Science Webinar on The impact of deoxygenation in the Black Sea on ecosystem services: insights from BRIDGE-BS expeditions (September 2023)

  EMB launch webinar presenting Future Science Brief 10 on Ocean oxygen (June 2023)

    Future Science Brief 10, Ocean oxygen: the role of the Ocean in the oxygen we breathe and the threat of deoxygenation (June 2023)


Marine Chemical Pollution

    RHE-MEDiation - Destress the Mediterranean Sea from chemical pollution (2023-2026)

    Position Paper 16, Monitoring chemical pollution in Europe's Seas - programmes, practices and priorities for research (November 2011)


Underwater Noise

    EMB Science Webinar on Addressing underwater noise in Europe (November 2021)

    Future Science Brief 7, Addressing underwater noise in Europe: Current state of knowledge and future priorities (October 2021)

    Position Paper 13, The effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals (June 2008)