Citizen Science involves members of the public in the observation, analysis and eventually also the design of scientific research. Benefits of this approach include enhancing monitoring capability, empowering citizens and increasing environmental awareness. There is a long background and history of citizen participation in science. However, the process of studying and understanding the best ways to develop, implement, and evaluate Citizen Science is just beginning and it has recently been proposed that research on the process and outcomes of Citizen Science merit acknowledgement as a distinct discipline.
At present, Citizen Science is predominantly associated with terrestrial projects. However, Citizen Science also has the potential to make significant contributions to marine sciences. Considering the vastness of the ocean, the extensiveness of the coastlines, and the diversity of habitats, communities, and species, a proper understanding of this realm requires intensive research activities over time and space which should lead to an increased consideration of Citizen Science as a powerful tool for the generation of scientific knowledge. Additionally, Citizen Science initiatives should be promoted because of their benefits in creating awareness of the challenges facing the world’s ocean and increasing Ocean Literacy.
Responding to these challenges, the European Marine Board launched Working Group Citizen Science in 2015 to provide new ideas and directions for further development of Marine Citizen Science. The Working Group and EMB are due to publish an EMB Position Paper (#23) entitled "Advancing Citizen Science in Seas and Ocean Research" in early 2017. The paper will be officially launched at a workshop entitled "The Greatest Coastal Monitoring Future: Citizens" during European Maritime Day 2017 on 18-19 May 2017, in Poole, UK.
See the list here
Picture from WG Citizen Science Kick-Off Meeting
Kick-off meeting, 18-19 February 2016, Ostend, Belgium
2nd meeting, 2-3 June 2016, Galway, Ireland